I have written three articles about Xubuntu 16.04 recently, and I am sure that there are plenty reviews of Ubuntu 16.04. But there are some other parts of that family that should be covered, should they not? Which one would I write about? That was not a question for me for one simple reason.
You know that the commercial arm of this blog sells disks with Linux distributions via BuyLinuxCDs.co.uk site, helped by eBay sales. Users could purchase their own disks with different flavours of Ubuntu as I announced. Would you guess which Ubuntu flavour got most of the orders? Of course, the majority of the orders were for Ubuntu 16.04 itself. The second place was not taken by Kubuntu or Xubuntu as many would guess. It was taken by Ubuntu MATE.
Ubuntu MATE and Ubuntu GNOME are the latest additions to the Ubuntu family, added when Canonical decided to release official flavours of their operating system with "new generation" desktop environments. This is not a very precise definition since MATE is a fork of "good ol'" GNOME 2 desktop environment, while GNOME 3 is used in Ubuntu GNOME. But let's put the definitions aside.
The ISO image of Ubuntu MATE 16.04 32-bit is about 1.6 Gb in size. I downloaded it using the torrent, though you can get it from one of many official mirrors too. The image is written to the DVD-R prepared for one of my customers. The disk is in the DVD-ROM of my Toshiba laptop.
Reboot. Choose to boot from DVD. Fasten your seatbelts. Let's go!
Booting upThe boot process of Ubuntu MATE 16.04 is not very different from any other flavour of Ubuntu released recently. You only have one option during the boot sequence, and that is a choice between the Live run and the installation. Of course, my choice was for the Live run.
The boot process itself took quite a long time actually. I did not measure it by stopwatch, but subjectively Ubuntu MATE takes more time to boot than Ubuntu itself.
Eventually you land on the default desktop of Ubuntu MATE 16.04 Live.
First impressionsOnce booted, you have a desktop with wallpaper in green and deep-blue tones. There is an Ubuntu MATE logo in the centre of the wallpaper. If you don't like this wallpaper, you can change it to a different picture. You have several dozen images out of the box, though many of them are Ubuntu- or MATE-themed.
There are two icons in the top left corner of the screen: home directory and Install.
The welcome screen also has a single "Welcome" window that offers you a tour through the operating system and its features.
There are two panels in the default system configuration: one at the top and one at the bottom. You can remove them or add more panels if you wish.
The bottom panel has a "Show desktop" button in the left corner, a switch between four virtual desktops and a recycling bin in the right corner. The rest of the space on that panel is taken by the buttons for open applications. Each virtual desktop has its own set of application buttons.
The top panel has three menus in the left part: Applications, Places and System, like it was in "good ol'" GNOME 2. There is also a quick launch icon for the Firefox browser next to those menu areas. The right part of the panel is for the notification area. You can find usual items there: battery and volume indicators, network monitor, clocks with calendar and a Shutdown button.
|Ubuntu MATE 16.04 welcome screen|
I tried to play with some of the elements on the panel, moving them around and adding other elements. Unfortunately, it led to some crash errors that spoiled my impression of this operating system.
The freshly booted Ubuntu MATE 16.04 operating system took about 360 Mb of memory. That is more than Xubuntu 16.04 but much-much less than CentOS 7 KDE that I tried recently.
|Ubuntu MATE 16.04 resources|
Network connectionAs you can guess, the Ubuntu 16.04 family of operating systems does not have any issues with the wireless network card of my laptop: Realtek 8191 SEvB. MATE edition is not an exception here.
Connecting to my home wireless network was a breeze. Select the network name from the list, type in the password, and off we go!
Keyboard layoutEnglish US is the default layout in Ubuntu 16.04 MATE. If you need to change it, you can use the guide I wrote some time ago for MATE users
It is still applicable for Ubuntu MATE 16.04.
Once you set more than one layout in the list, the notification area gets an indicator of the current layout.
Network driveCaja 1.12.7 is the default file manager in Ubuntu MATE 16.04. It has an option to browse the network. I used that feature to locate and browse the shared network drive that I have.
Unlike my recent Xubuntu 16.04 experience, I could open LibreOffice files from the partition mounted via Caja. At least, it worked in the Live run.
ApplicationsUbuntu 16.04 MATE comes with a small, but not barebones set of applications.
Firefox 45 is the default and the only browser. Other Internet tools of Ubuntu 16.04 MATE include Pidgin messenger, Thunderbird email client and Transmission torrent client.
LibreOffice 184.108.40.206 comes with Ubuntu 16.04 MATE by default. It includes Impress, Draw, Writer and Calc applications. Atril document viewer and MATE Dictionary complete the set of productivity tools.
Graphic tools are represented by image viewer, Simple Scan tool, Shotwell and Colour Selection utility. There is no graphics editor in the default set of applications of Ubuntu 16.04 MATE.
Multimedia tools of this operating system include Brasero disk burning and Cheese webcam utilities, Rhythmbox and VLC players and sound controls.
I have not found any games, development or educational tools in the Ubuntu 16.04 MATE default system.
Of course, there are plenty of small utilities and system accessories like Caja file manager, calculator, Pluma text editor, screenshot utility, Plank dock, Synapse search utility, terminal, Avahi zeroconf browser and some more.
MultimediaAs I mentioned above, Ubuntu MATE 16.04 sports two multimedia players: VLC and Rhythmbox. Having VLC in your system means you have no issues with playing the majority of multimedia file formats on your computer. I was able to play the MP3 files from my network attached partition without any issues.
I was also able to play videos from YouTube.
|Ubuntu MATE 16.04 multimedia|
ConclusionWho is the main audience of Ubuntu 16.04 MATE? From my point of view, these are people who started their Linux life a long time ago when GNOME 2 was one of few desktop environments available for Linux distributions. Since then, we have gotten a lot more players and forks on the "market".
Yes, MATE is better looking than GNOME 2 was a few years ago. But other desktop environments also did not stay the same during this time.
I used the Cinnamon desktop environment on Linux Mint for some time a year or so ago. For me, it was a much more convenient desktop environment than I found MATE to be in Ubuntu realization of it.
I also faced some crashes of different applications during my Live run of Ubuntu 16.04 MATE.
It all means that MATE team still has room for improvement.
Will I try Ubuntu MATE sometime in the future? Maybe. Let's see where history takes us.
Video used on the screenshot: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7vBTIuQfax0